Triglav National Park (TNP) is the only national park in Slovenia. It was named after Mt. Triglav which is the highest peak in the country (2864 m). The origins of the name Triglav are not entirely clear. It may refer to the distinct shape of the mountain when viewed from southeast. It could also refer to a powerful pagan deity who was said to reside on the mountain’s peak. Mt. Triglav remains a symbol of Slovenia and it is also depicted on both the Slovenian coat of arms and the national flag.
TNP extends over the north-western part of Slovenia along the border with Italy and in the vicinity of Austria. It is located around the south-western part of the Alpine massif. TNP covers almost the entire region of the Eastern Julian Alps and it extends over 880 square kilometres. This is equal to 4% of the total area of the Republic of Slovenia. It is considered as one of the oldest European parks; climbing protection dates back as far as 1924 when the Alpine protected park was first established. The main mission of the TNP public institution is to preserve the natural habitat. It also serves as a key research area.